Glossary of terms

Reference Pitch: It is the frequency in reference to which frequencies of other notes are derived. The internationally accepted standard is 440 Hz (note A) at STP. Reference pitch of Bansuri, like most woodwind instruments, drops with a drop in temperature and vice-versa.
Key Pitch: Pancham or Pa in Indian terminology. The note produced with the first six finger holes closed.
Tonic Pitch: Shadaj or Sa in Indian terminology. The note produced with the first three finger holes closed.
Murli: A small / high pitched Bansuri, generally speaking.
Right-handed: This is the most common way of holding Bansuri with the right hand controlling the lower holes and the left the upper ones.
Bilawal Scale: All the notes are in their 'natural' form. Equivalent of western major scale.
Bonding Thread: Decorative thread used to reinforce Bansuri to protect it against cracking.
Tan-Paltas: Exercises to gain proficiency at playing fast passages.